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World Congress on Carbon and Advanced Energy Materials, will be organized around the theme “Carbon based materials for next generation”
Carbon Materials 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Carbon Materials 2021
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Nano carbons are among the most promising materials developed last years. Nano carbon materials include fullerenes, carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon nanofibers (CNF), nano diamond, onions and various hybrid forms and 3D structures based on these Carbon Material Conference. Several years ago these materials were available in milligram-scale quantities. Now many of them are produced by tones per year. Nano carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNT's) and Graphene have many extraordinary properties, such as a factor of 1000 times higher mobility and 10 times larger saturation velocity than Si.
- Track 1-1Computational Modeling
- Track 1-2Corrosion
- Track 1-3Electronic, Optical &Magnetic Materials
- Track 1-4Materials Performance
- Track 1-5Materials Processing & Manufacturing Mechanical Properties
- Track 1-6Microstructure Property Relationships
Large molecular building blocks for hybrid materials, such as large inorganic clusters, may be of the nanometre length scale. The term hybrid material is more often used if the inorganic units are formed in situ by molecular precursors, for example applying sol–gel reactions. The biggest distinction between a Nano composite and a hybrid is that a hybrid material possesses a property that does not exist in either of the parent components. Graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes are carbon materials that exhibit excellent electrical conductivities and large specific surface areas. An effective, economic way of using carbon fiber is to combine it with a resin and another material, either a fiber or a metal, to produce a hybrid structure.
Carbon materials touch every aspect of our daily life in some way. Regarding todays environmental challenges carbon may be the key elemental component, usually blended into notations such as “carbon cycle” or “carbon footprint”. Interestingly, not being used as “fossil fuel”, carbon materials also considerably contribute to the field of sustainable energy. They are central in most electrochemical energy-related applications, i.e. they also help to generate, store, transport, and save energy. Nanostructured carbon is already used in fuel cells, conventional batteries and super capacitors. Porous carbons are being used widely as electrode materials for super capacitors because of their high specific surface area and relatively good electrical conductivity. Electric double layer capacitors (EDLC, also called super capacitors) are energy storage devices based on the electrical adsorption of ions at the electrode/electrolyte interface (non-Faradaic process). Hierarchical Carbon materials for future energy application.
Graphene - enchaned lithium ion batteries could be used in higher energy usage applications now in smartphones, laptops and tablet PCs. Graphene has a great potential to use for low cost, flexible and highly efficient photoyolatics devices due to its excellent electron-transport properties and carrier mobility. Single or few layered Graphene with less agglomeration, exhibit a higher effective surface area and better supercapacitor. In hydrogen storage, hydrogen plays an important role in energy carriers. As a fuel of choice it is light weight, contains high energy density and emits no-harmful chemical by-products, hydrogen considered as a green energy. Graphene oxide has excellent characteristics as a nanomaterial for drug delivery. It expands for anticancer drugs to another non-cancer treatment diseases treatment. Using the fluorescence super-quenching ability of graphene to develop novel fluroscence resonance energy transfer biosensors. Cancer therapy made on exploration of graphene in drug delivery by in vitro test. For clinical cancer and other disease treatment, vivo behaviour of graphene loaded with drugs.
Graphene was the first 2D material to be isolated. Graphene and other two-dimensional materials have a long list of unique properties that have made it a hot topic for intense scientific research and the development of technological applications. These also have huge potential in their own right or in combination with Graphene. The extraordinary physical properties of Graphene and other 2D materials have the potential to both enhance existing technologies and also create a range of new applications. Pure Graphene has an exceptionally wide range of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Graphene can also greatly improve the thermal conductivity of a material improving heat dissipation. In applications which require very high electrical conductivity Graphene can either be used by itself or as an additive to other materials. Even in very low concentrations Graphene can greatly enhance the ability of electrical charge to flow in a material. Graphene’s ability to store electrical energy at very high densities is exceptional. This attribute, added to its ability to rapidly charge and discharge, makes it suitable for energy storage applications.
Carbon is an extraordinary element because of its ability to covalently bond with different orbital hybridizations. This leads to a rich variety of molecular structures that constitute the field of organic chemistry. For millennia, there were only two known substances of pure carbon atoms: graphite and diamond. The discovery of nanometre dimensional C60, and related fullerene-structures (C70, C84), spawned the field of Nano carbon research. The next major advance in carbon research was the discovery of carbon nanotubes (CNTs).The traditional electrochemical applications for carbon in solid electrode structures for the chlor-alkali industry as well in aluminium refining are giving way to more diverse applications requiring high-surface-area carbon i.e., capacitor, fuel cells, metal/air batteries and high-energy lithium batteries. In these of these applications carbon has the desirable combination of acceptable electrical conductivity, chemical/electrochemical compatibility to the surrounding environment, and availability in the appropriate structure for fabrication into electrodes. In addition, the low cost of carbon relative to other electronic conductors is an important advantage for its widespread use in electrodes, particularly in electrochemical systems that must compete with existing technologies. Diamond electrodes are particularly attractive for electrochemistry Because of its extraordinary chemical stability; diamond is a perspective electrode material to be used in electrochemistry and electrochemical engineering.
Synthetic graphite is a manufactured product made by high-temperature treatment of amorphous carbon materials. In the United States, the primary feedstock used for making synthetic graphite is calcined petroleum coke and coal tar pitch, both of which are composed of highly graphitizable forms of carbon. Synthetic graphite is used in many applications including but not limited to friction, foundry, electrical carbons, fuel cell bi-polar plates, coatings, electrolytic processes, corrosion products, conductive fillers, rubber and plastic compounds, and drilling applications. Here we provide two detailed technical presentations on synthetic graphite. The first includes a brief history and introduction to synthetic graphite, as well as information on how synthetic graphite is manufactured. The second presentation covers a more advanced topic: The Morphology of Synthetic Graphite. The morphology of most synthetic graphite varies from flakey in fine powders to irregular grains and needles in coarser products.
Epitaxial growth of Graphene obtained on a 6H oriented SiC by vacuum heating at and limited the size of Sic substrates. Micro chemical exfoliation of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite which cannot be scaled to wafer-size dimensions. X-ray diffraction of high temperature annealed Ni film. Diffraction spectra were collected on the annealed Ni substrates over which Graphene films are typically synthesized. Graphene that is simply composed of the dissolution of glucose and in water, vaporization of water and calcination.
The present generation with faster and smaller electronics is the result of advancements in the research. Now-a-days research on graphene is a hot topic owing to its unique and excellent properties. Graphene can be produced from mechanical exfoliation, chemical vapor deposition, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition, electrochemical synthesis and molecular beam epitaxy so on methods. Electrolysis of graphene is generally carried out to get graphene with high purity. In electronics graphene is used to make electrodes for touch screens, transparent memory chips, integrated circuits with graphene transistors. The main energy related areas which depend on graphene are solar cells, supercapacitors, lithium batteries and catalysis for fuel cells.
Natural Graphite is a mineral which consists of graphitic carbon. It works as an excellent conductor of both heat and electricity. It is soft in nature and stable over a wide range of temperatures, whereas Synthetic graphite is a man-made substance manufactured by the high temperature processing of amorphous carbon materials. These graphites are having renowned applications. In nuclear engineering, a neutron moderator is a medium that controls the speed of neutrons. Solid graphite of nearly 20% is used in these moderators. Graphite paints are used in foundry molds, and graphite lubricants are used in forging dies. Graphite crucibles are used in foundry to hold molten metals. In integrated steel plants right from melting to the product graphite plays an important role as reducing agent, fuel, refractory, lubricant for dies etc... In the construction of batteries like lithium-ion batteries, lithium carbonate batteries, and nickel metal hydride batteries etc.
A tale half and half electrocatalyst comprising of nitrogen-doped graphene/cobalt-embedded permeable carbon polyhedron (N/Co-doped PCP//NRGO) is set up through basic pyrolysis of graphene oxide-supported cobalt-based zeolitic imidazolate-frameworks. Different carbon-based nanocomposites are as of now sought after as supercapacitor cathodes in light of the synergistic impact between carbon (high power thickness) and pseudo-capacitive nanomaterials (high vitality thickness). The execution of such materials isn't practically indistinguishable to that of impeccable graphene sheets, that are estimated at the nanoscale, which astoundingly circumvent settled materials, for instance, steel, silicon, or copper. Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) orchestrate bigger piece of graphene on copper foils utilizing turn covered PMMA films.
It incorporates photovoltaics, batteries, super capacitors, energy units, hydrogen advances, thermoelectric, photo catalysis, sun based power innovations, attractive refrigeration, and piezoelectric materials. Propelled Energy Materials is a prime hotspot for the best vitality related research. The change of Conventional non-renewable energy source to inexhaustible and economical vitality sources due to the geophysical and social pressure results in the improvement of Advanced Energy Materials to help rising innovations.
They examine the handling and portrayal of new materials, streamline preparing strategies, look into nanoscale batteries, think about 3D printing, and grow new material for mechanical and therapeutic employments. Furthermore, they find better approaches to apply existing designing standards to take care of novel materials issues. The effortless sol‐gel amalgamation at room temperature makes the sun-oriented safeguard gel profoundly versatile for handy large‐scale photothermal applications. The plasmonic‐based sun-oriented safeguard gel demonstrates a vaporization proficiency of 85% under sun-based light of 1 sun force (1 kW m−2).
Gathering of materials is characterized by its usefulness. Semiconductors, metals, and pottery are utilized today to shape profoundly complex frameworks, for example, coordinated electronic circuits, optoelectronic gadgets, and attractive and optical mass stockpiling media. Electronic, Magnetic and Optical materials inquire about consolidates the major standards of strong state material science and science, of electronic and substance designing, and of materials science. Research in electronic, optical, and attractive materials incorporates handling procedures for acquiring materials with controlled synthesis and structures, portrayal, and utilizations of these materials.